Menu

Alaturka Portal

Opus caementitium - the Roman concrete

  • Written by Portal Editor
  • Category: Definitions
  • Hits: 1290
Opus caementitium - the Roman concrete

How could imposing buildings like the Pantheon in Rome or even the aqueducts to supply water to the Roman cities like in Aspendos or Side ever be constructed?

Basilica

  • Written by Website Editor
  • Category: Definitions
  • Hits: 1859
Basilica in Stobi, Macedonia

The Latin  word basilica, was originally used to describe a Roman  public building, usually located in the forum of a Roman town. Public basilicas begin to appear in Hellenistic cities in the 2nd century BC.

Sarcophagus

  • Written by Website Editor
  • Category: Definitions
  • Hits: 1869
Sarcophagus - Antalya Museum

A sarcophagus is a funeral receptacle for a corpse, most commonly carved or cut from stone. The word "sarcophagus" comes from the Greek meaning "flesh", and phagein meaning "to eat", hence sarkophagus means "flesh-eating"; from the phrase lithos sarkophagus.

Aqueduct - a water supply

  • Written by Website Editor
  • Category: Definitions
  • Hits: 2216
Aqueduct in Antalya

An aqueduct is a water supply or navigable channel (conduit) constructed to convey water. In a more restricted use, aqueduct (occasionally water bridge) applies to any bridge or viaduct that transports water-instead of a path, road or railway-across a gap. Large navigable aqueducts are used as transport links for boats or ships.

Crypt - a stone chamber

  • Written by Website Editor
  • Category: Definitions
  • Hits: 1688
Crypt - a stone chamber

In architecture, a crypt is a stone chamber or vault beneath the floor of a church usually used as a chapel or burial vault possibly containing sarcophagi, coffins or relics.

Agora

  • Written by Website Editor
  • Category: Definitions
  • Hits: 2348
Agora - Nysa

The agora, translatable as marketplace, was a public space and an essential part of an ancient Greek polis or city-state. An agora acted as a marketplace and a forum to the citizens of the polis.

Mausoleum

  • Written by Website Editor
  • Category: Definitions
  • Hits: 1740

A mausoleum is an external free-standing building constructed as a monument enclosing the interment space or burial chamber of a deceased person or persons. A mausoleum may be considered a type of tomb or the tomb may be considered to be within the mausoleum. A Christian mausoleum sometimes includes a chapel.

Necropolis

  • Written by Website Editor
  • Category: Definitions
  • Hits: 2100

A necropolis (plural: necropolises or necropoleis) is a large cemetery or burial place (from Greek nekropolis "city of the dead"). Apart from the occasional application of the word to modern cemeteries outside large towns, the term is chiefly used of burial grounds, often an abandoned city or town, near the sites of the centers of ancient civilizations.

Catacombs

  • Written by Website Editor
  • Category: Definitions
  • Hits: 1905

Catacombs are ancient, human-made underground passageways or final resting place of refuges or subterranean cemeteries composed thereof.  Many are under cities and have served as a refuge for safety during wars or as a meeting place for cults during historic times.

Apse

  • Written by Website Editor
  • Category: Definitions
  • Hits: 1846

In architecture, the apse is a semicircular recess covered with a hemispherical vault or semi-dome.

Dervish

  • Written by Website Editor
  • Category: Definitions
  • Hits: 1743

A Dervish or Darvesh  is someone treading a Sufi Muslim ascetic path or "Tariqah", known for their extreme poverty and austerity, similar to mendicant friars in Christianity or Hindu/Buddhist/Jain sadhus.

Orchestra

  • Written by Website Editor
  • Category: Definitions
  • Hits: 1751

The theatre of ancient Greece, or ancient Greek drama, is a theatrical culture that flourished in ancient Greece between c. 550 and c. 220 BC. The city-state of Athens was its centre, where it was institutionalised as part of a festival called the Dionysia, which honoured the god Dionysus.

Diazoma

  • Written by Website Editor
  • Category: Definitions
  • Hits: 1951

The word diazoma originally comes from Greek language meaning belt. When talking about ancient Greek theatre it means the wide path which separated the lines of seats into two or three zones (dress circle, upper circle). In Roman theatre construction the corresponding words “praecinctiones” or “balteus” were used instead.

Route of Ten Thousand

  • Written by Website Editor
  • Category: Definitions
  • Hits: 1767

The Ten Thousand were a group of mercenary units, mainly Greek, drawn up by Cyrus the Younger to attempt to wrest the throne of the Persian Empire from his brother, Artaxerxes II.

Life | Outdoors

Europe

Turkey

Culture

We have 276 guests and no members online