Schaffhausen is the northernmost city in Switzerland and is, next to Basel, the town of Stein am Rhein, Neunkirch and Eglisau one of the few Swiss cities north of the High Rhine. Schaffhausen is located southeast of the Randen, at the mouth of the from the north arriving Durach into the Rhine.
The old town has numerous buildings from Renaissance. The epithet Erkerstadt Schaffhausen got due to the 300 existing bay window. Outside the original city walls, now expanding in the middle of the city, is the Munot, a 16th century fortress. Southwest of the city, but no longer in the city, are the Rhine Falls, the largest waterfalls of Europe.