Cyprus – still a divided island with a great history

cypern girne bellapais

Cyprus is located in the northeast of the Levantine Sea. The distance to the south coast of Turkey is approx. 68 km and to the west coast of Syria approx. 95 km. Cyprus lies on the Anatolian Plate and is geographically counted as Asia. The arch of Cyprus extends from the southern edge of Cyprus to Rhodes as the plate border between the Anatolian and the African plates.
The island has been de facto divided since 1974. The south is dominated by the Republic of Cyprus, which continues to encompass the entire island under international law (except the British military bases Akrotiri and Dekelia). However, the northern part is under the control of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, which is only recognized by Turkey, which occupied this area militarily in 1974 after Greek coup leaders tried to establish Cyprus's connection to Greece.
Between the two areas is a buffer zone, which also divides the capital Nicosia as a “Green Line” (Green Line / yeşil) and is monitored and managed by the United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP).

Girne / Kyrenia - a short history of the city

  • Written by Portal Editor
  • Category: Kyrenia - Girne
  • Hits: 4716
Girne / Kyrenia - a short history of the city

Wilbrand of Oldenburg, at the time Bishop of Paderborn and Utrecht, was very close to Emperor Otto IV, when between 1211-1212, he was send to prepare another crusade to the Holy Land, where he especially explored Cilicia and Cyprus.

Girne / Kyrenia - middleage Castle and Harbour

  • Written by Portal Editor
  • Category: Kyrenia - Girne
  • Hits: 20392
Kyrenia - Castle and Harbour

With its location directly at the harbor entrance of Girne / Kyrenia, the fortress in its current form, which dates back to the 15th century, gives the impression of an important and impregnable fortress that knows how to protect its citizens.

Kyrenia - a picturesque Venetian Harbour Town

Kyrenia - a Venetian Harbour Town

One of the region’s many highlights is the picturesque port town of Girne which is famous for its historic and perfectly crescent-shaped harbour set against the dramatic backdrop of the Five Finger Mountains.

Bellapais Monastery in Kyrenia North Cyprus

  • Written by Portal Editor
  • Category: Kyrenia - Girne
  • Hits: 27195
Bellapais Monastery in Kyrenia North Cyprus

Nestled in the delightful village of Bellapais, high in the Five Finger Mountains, is the Bellapais Abbey. The name Bellapais is said to derive from the French “Abbaye de la paix” meaning Monastery of Peace.

St Hilarion - the mighty Crusader Castle

  • Written by Portal Editor
  • Category: Kyrenia - Girne
  • Hits: 12457
St Hilarion, the Crusader Castle

Along with Kantara and Buffavento, St. Hilarion Castle was originally built as a watch tower for approaching pirates who launched a series of raids on Cyprus and the coasts of Anatolia from the 7th to the 10th century. By the 10th century, a Byzantine chapel and monastery had been added to the tower’s site and joined by a fort in the 12th century.

Cyprus - beautiful, but still devided island paradise

  • Written by Portal Editor
  • Category: Kyrenia - Girne
  • Hits: 13099
Cyprus - beautiful island paradise

At the beginning couple of our readers have ask for getting some more detailled information about Cyprus, because lot of holiday makers take the chance to go to North Cyprus by ferry-boat from Antalya, Alanya or Silifke once being at the Turkish Riviera. 

Buffavento - the famous Chateau de Lion

  • Written by Portal Editor
  • Category: Kyrenia - Girne
  • Hits: 7817
Buffavento Castle

Buffavento Castle - better the ruins of the medieval hilltop castle in Northern Cyprus - is one of three castles in Pentadaktylos Mountain next to the castles of Kantara and St. Hilarion.

Hike to the historic olive grove of Kalkanli

  • Written by Portal Editor
  • Category: Kyrenia - Girne
  • Hits: 6109
Hike to the historic olive grove of Kalkanli

The olive tree needs a long time to grow big, but after that can get several hundred years old. Such and other miracles of nature, we should experience in Northern Cyprus during a trek that took us along the historic olive grove of Kalkanli.

Pretty Village Karmi (Karaman) - next to Kyrenia

  • Written by Portal Editor
  • Category: Kyrenia - Girne
  • Hits: 18542
Pretty Village Karmi

Karaman or Karmi is undoubtedly the prettiest and most well-kept village in Northern Cyprus. Time here seems to have stood still; little cobbled streets, meander around, running mountain streams and wild-life are the only sounds you are likely to hear.

St Barnabas Monastery - Museum of Salamis

  • Written by Portal Editor
  • Category: Famagusta
  • Hits: 7483
St Barnabas Monastery - Museum of Salamis

About eight kilometers north of Famagusta and two kilometers west of Salamis you will find the St. Barnabas Monastery and the tomb where the martyr Barnabas is revered to as a Cypriot national saint.

Salamis on Cyprus - ancient town kingdom near Famagusta

  • Written by Portal Editor
  • Category: Famagusta
  • Hits: 14936
Salamis on Cyprus - ancient town kingdom near Famagusta

As part of our explorations of Northern Cyprus we approached at the ruins of Salamis next to Famagusta, which played an important rule as a  town kingdom from the 11th century BC as it was the capital among Cypriot city kingdoms.

The port city of Famagusta - today Gazimağusa

  • Written by Portal Editor
  • Category: Famagusta
  • Hits: 224
The port city of Famagusta - today Gazimağusa

Famagusta - Gazimağusa offers a wonderful opportunity to look and stroll in its historic old town with the ancient city fortifications, fortifications, mosques and the cathedral.

Lefkosa - Nicosia - a still devided City

  • Written by Portal Editor
  • Category: Nicosia
  • Hits: 5093
Lefkosa - Nicosia - a still devided City

Within our project we visited Lefkosa / Nicosia, the still divided capital of Cyprus, which is at the same time and despite of that the largest city on the island of Cyprus with about 73,000 inhabitants.

Selimiye - Bedesten - Caravanserai

  • Written by Portal Editor
  • Category: Nicosia
  • Hits: 374
Selimiye - Bedesten - Caravanserai

The Selimiye Mosque is one of the most important mosques in Northern Cyprus, as almost all of the major Muslim festivals on the calendar are celebrated in it.

Residential house Dervis Pasha - Mevli Tekke

  • Written by Portal Editor
  • Category: Nicosia
  • Hits: 359
Residential house Dervis Pasha - Mevli Tekke

The owner and planner of this two-story 19th century residential house was Dervis Pascha, the editor of the first Turkish daily newspaper in Cyprus.

History

Life | Outdoors

Culture