Southeast Anatolia - Signs point to Aleppo, Mosul and Tabriz

tuerkei suedostanatolien

Southeastern Anatolia or Mesopotamia – a remote area in Turkey where you can find many different cultures, which are particularly noticeable in the musical styles: Arabic instrumental music, Syrian Orthodox church chants, Kurdish songs. A journey with many musical impressions and encounters, for example with the Kurdish singer Sakina Teyna, who talks about the sometimes harmonious, sometimes complicated coexistence of the ethnic groups.

Mesopotamia is the name given to the land between the two rivers Euphrates and Tigris. The name brings to mind a mythical past and ancient civilizations. But even today the region is still an area where many ethnic groups, languages, religions and cultures meet.

Southeastern Anatolia is primarily Kurdish, and you can also notice the Arab influence. But it is also the area of the Assyrians and Arameans, i.e. the followers of Syrian Christianity.

The Grotto of Abraham's Birth in Şanlıurfa, over which a large mosque was built, is one of the most important pilgrimage destinations in Islam. According to legend, Abraham was sentenced to death at the stake at the nearby carp basin because of his faith. However, the fire turned into water, the logs into fish, and Abraham was saved. Since then, the pool and the carp have been considered sacred and are visited by pilgrims not only from Islam, but also from Christianity and Judaism.

For centuries, the city of Mardin and the surrounding Tur Abdin region have been the territory of the Assyrians or Aramaeans, i.e. the Syrian Orthodox Christians, and a small community still lives here, which celebrates services every Sunday in the churches and monasteries and visits the historic buildings fills life.

Diyarbakir is the secret capital of the Turkish Kurds, perched on a hill on the banks of the Tigris. Dynamic, energetic, hospitable and full of life.

Matiate – another underground city discovered

Matiate – another underground city discovered

In addition to the underground cities in Cappadocia, archaeologists have recently discovered another huge underground city in Turkey that researchers believe could be the largest underground city complex in the world to date.

Symbols of sanctuary Göbekli Tepe the first characters?

Symbols of sanctuary Göbekli Tepe the first characters?

For thousands of years, people have been communicating through language, passing on knowledge and techniques through oral transmission of what they have learned, with all the erroneous distortions of meaning by omitting or adding details of the original content.

The Rum Kalesi / Hromkla near Sanliurfa, considered sacred

The Rum Kalesi / Hromkla near Sanliurfa, considered sacred

The myths surrounding the Rum Kalesi Castle in the Yavuzeli district of the Turkish province of Gaziantep reach far back into history. Various epochs of up to 3,000 years are known to date. Archaeologists have only begun to extensively explore the ruins in recent years.

Şırnak – at the border with Iraq and Syria

Şırnak – border with Iraq and Syria

The current day-to-day politics in the Syrian conflict has caused further problems in the province of Şırnak and thus its provincial capital of the same name due to the common border with Syria after the long-standing Kurdish conflicts, in a downright tragic way, because thousands of Syrian refugees sought their salvation by fleeing the country.

Submerged in the floods of the Euphrates: Zeugma

Submerged in the floods of the Euphrates: Zeugma

A few kilometres north of the newly built Birecik dam, two larger settlements faced each other on the banks of the Euphrates in ancient times: Apamea on the left and Seleukeia / Zeugma on the right bank.

Sanlıurfa known as ancient Edessa

Şanlıurfa - Geschichte der Stadt

Sanlıurfa as a city is mostly known by the Europeans with her antique name, Edessa. Sanlıurfa is the central part of a city in Turkey with a population of about 390.000 and is located in the hot climate zone in southeast Anatolia. In geographical terms, she is part of Northern Mesopotamia.

Diyarbakir - A City Where Old Meets New

Diyarbakır - Treffpunkt zwischen Antike und Moderne

The Diyarbakir city walls were first constructed by the Roman Emperor Constantine. The city walls were enlarged during the Seljuk and Ottoman periods and 82 towers were added. These walls are the second longest walls in the world after the Great Wall of China and actually rank first in terms of wall height.

Kilis at the Syrian border

Kilis an der Grenze zu Syrien

Kilis is a city in South-Central Turkey on the border with Syria and capital of Kilis Province. It is generally associated with the city of Kilisi, noted in Assyrian texts.Read More The Öncüpınar Syrian border crossing is 5 km (3 mi) to the south and the large city of Gaziantep is 60 km (37 mi) to the north.


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