Antiquity

Greece, Hellenism and the Roman Empire

antike header

Classical antiquity differs from previous and subsequent epochs through common and consistent cultural traditions, the influence of which continues to be influential in many subject areas right up to modern times. It covers the history of ancient Greece, Hellenism and the Roman Empire. The Roman Empire politically unified the Mediterranean from the 1st century AD. Rome's cultural influence was primarily felt in the western part of the empire, while in the east the Greek-Hellenistic tradition (Byzantium) continued alongside oriental traditions until it was pushed back in the course of Islamic expansion (from 632 AD).

In a broader sense, antiquity also includes the history of the ancient Near Eastern civilizations of Egypt, Mesopotamia (Sumer, Akkad, Babylonia, Assyria), the Iranian region (Elam, Media, Persia) and Asia Minor (Phoenicia, Israel, Aram-Damascus). around the beginning of writing around 3500 BC. BC began. This larger period of about 3500 B.C. BC to the end of antiquity is preferably referred to as antiquity to distinguish it from the narrower concept of antiquity limited to the Greco-Roman world, or it is used in relation to the Middle East until its incorporation into the Macedonian-Greek sphere of influence under Alexander the Great ( around 330 BC) spoken by the Ancient Near East.

Water supply in the Roman Empire

  • Written by Portal Editor
  • Category: Antiquity
  • Hits: 794
Water supply in the Roman Empire

The quality of execution in the Roman Empire is absolutely comparable to the technology of road construction and in some cases very cleverly combined with road construction is the construction of the water supply systems in the cities of the empire.

The tribal organization of the Celts in Asia Minor

  • Written by Portal Editor
  • Category: Antiquity
  • Hits: 1232
The tribal organization of the Celts in Asia Minor

In our article about the origin of the Celtic immigrants to Asia Minor, we had already roughly written about the local division of the tribes. Basically, the ethnic group of the Celts who immigrated to Asia Minor is also referred to as Galatians.

Technical development in the major cities of the Romans

  • Written by Portal Editor
  • Category: Antiquity
  • Hits: 467
Technical development in the major cities of the Romans

The supply of the larger cities of the Roman Empire - Rome already had 800,000 inhabitants in the first century AD - could only be ensured through structural adjustment of the surrounding rural regions, in the course of which rural estates close to the city or on trade routes began to meet the growing demand through market-oriented forms of production.

Potnia Theron - the controller of the wild

  • Written by Portal Editor
  • Category: Antiquity
  • Hits: 657
Potnia Theron - the controller of the wild

In ancient times, Potnia Theron - the ruler of the wild, was considered a female deity who, as the mistress of wild animals, was responsible for protecting them.

Ziyaret Tepe - Assyrians did not rely on Scripture alone

  • Written by Portal Editor
  • Category: Antiquity
  • Hits: 493
Ziyaret Tepe - Assyrians did not rely on Scripture alone

"The invention of recording systems is a milestone in human history. Any find that can help shed light on these milestones is therefore an important tool in understanding the progress of mankind," says researcher John MacGinnis in Cambridge Archaeological Journal, 2014. What is the background of this sentence?

Alexander the Great - Conquerer from Pella

  • Category: Antiquity
  • Hits: 7871
Alexander the Great

During our travels and visits of ancient cities there was always one name mentioned: Alexander the Great. Everybody learned about Alexander during history lesson at school for being the leader of one of the biggest empires ever.

Apollonios of Perge - Master of Mathematics

  • Category: Antiquity
  • Hits: 7075
Apollonios of Perge

It was Apollonius who gave the ellipse, the parabola, and the hyperbola the names by which we know them. The hypothesis of eccentric orbits, or equivalently, deferent and epicycles, to explain the apparent motion of the planets and the varying speed of the Moon, are also attributed to him.

Herodotus - Greek Historian from Halicarnassus

  • Category: Antiquity
  • Hits: 58334
Herodotus - Greek Historian

Herodotus was an ancient Greek historian  who lived in the 5th century BC (c. 484 BC – c. 425 BC). He was born in Caria, Halicarnassus ( Modern day Bodrum, Muğla, Türkiye). He is regarded as the "Father of History" in Western culture.

Hesiod - Greek Oral Poet and Mythologist

  • Category: Antiquity
  • Hits: 24956
Hesiod - Greek Oral Poet

Hesiod (Hesíodos) was a Greek oral poet and is often identified as the first economist. His date is uncertain, but leading scholars favour the eighth century BC for when Hesiod lived.

Homer - Ilias - ancient historical poet

  • Category: Antiquity
  • Hits: 7633
Homer - Ilias

The ancient Greeks generally believed that Homer was an historical individual, but modern scholars are skeptical: no reliable biographical information has been handed down from classical antiquity, and the poems themselves manifestly represent the culmination of many centuries of oral story-telling and a well-developed "formulaic" system of poetic composition.

Strabo - Greek Historian and Geographer

  • Category: Antiquity
  • Hits: 11249
Strabo - Greek Historian and Geographer

Strabo was a Greek historian, geographer and philosopher. Strabo was born to an affluent family from Amaseia in Pontus (modern Amasya, Turkey), a city which he said to be situated the approximate equivalent of 75 km from the Black sea. 

Xenophon - philosopher and writer in ancient Athens

  • Category: Antiquity
  • Hits: 17676
Xenophon

Xenophon's birth date is uncertain, but most scholars agree that he was born around 431 BC near the city of Athens. Xenophon was born into the ranks of the upper classes, thus granting him access to certain privileges of the aristocracy of ancient Attica.

The legendary Xerxes Canal of Chalkidiki

  • Written by Portal Editor
  • Category: Antiquity
  • Hits: 11533
The legendary Xerxes Canal of Chalkidiki

Our investigations on the peninsula of Chalkidiki had inevitably led us to the historical background of the campaigns of Xerxes, who as Achaemenid Great King and Egyptian Pharaoh reigned the vast Persian Empire between 486-465 BC.

Amphipolis - Greek colonization in North Aegean

  • Written by Portal Editor
  • Category: Antiquity
  • Hits: 4622
Amphipolis - Greek colonization in North Aegean

The term "Greek colonization" refers to the founding of Greek planting towns (Apoikia) extending from the mainland and the islands of the Aegean before and during the archaic period of Greek antiquity.

Sharks - A journey into the native times of Perchtoldsdorf

  • Written by Portal Editor
  • Category: Antiquity
  • Hits: 4017
Sharks - A journey into the native times of Perchtoldsdorf

In Perchtoldsdorf, a market town in the district of Mödling in the vicinity of Vienna, we had met by our friend Robert some time ago. Today, one of the numerous wine regions around Vienna, the wine farming already draws conclusions to the mineral origin.

Along the Via Egnatia: from Ohrid to Elbasan in Albania

  • Written by Portal Editor
  • Category: Antiquity
  • Hits: 5752
Along the Via Egnatia: from Ohrid to Elbasan in Albania

The Ancient Roman Via Egnatia enters Albania, which at that time was called Illyricum, from Ohrid in the east, then ran through Elbasan from where one arm directly connected to Dyrrhachion (todays Durres).

Water supply of the ancient high cultures in Asia Minor

  • Written by Portal Editor
  • Category: Antiquity
  • Hits: 2017
Water supply of the ancient high cultures in Asia Minor

With the end of the epoch as collectors and hunters and the settlement in the first village groups, there were of course also new requirements in terms of water requirements and water use in the history of human development.

Apellicon of Teos - Collector of Literature

  • Written by Portal Editor
  • Category: Antiquity
  • Hits: 2056
Apellicon of Teos - Collector of Literature

One of the city's residents, known far beyond the gates of Teo, was the politician and collector of literature Apellicon, who later moved to Athens and joined the tyrant Athenion there.

History

Life | Outdoors

Culture