Poland – Krakow, Gdansk, Malbork, Wieliczka Salt Mine

polen warschau 2

In the early Middle Ages, tribes of the western Polans settled in parts of what is now national territory as part of the migration of peoples. The first documentary mention was made in 966 under the first historically attested Polish Duke Mieszko I, who opened the country to Christianity.
Having been deprived of its sovereignty by the neighboring states at the end of the 18th century, Poland regained its independence in 1918 with the Treaty of Versailles. The invasion of the German Reich and the Soviet Union at the beginning of the Second World War and their occupation rule cost the lives of millions of Polish citizens, especially Polish Jews.

The most popular travel destination in Poland is the former capital Krakow, which has numerous architectural monuments and works of art from the Polish Golden Age of late Gothic and Renaissance. Important tourist destinations are also the cities of Warsaw, Wroclaw, Gdańsk, Poznan, Stettin, Lublin, Thorn and Zakopane. Tourism also plays an important role for the municipalities of Krynica-Zdrój, Karpacz, Szklarska Poręba, Biecz, Zamość, Sandomierz, Kazimierz Dolny, Częstochowa, Gniezno, Frombork, Malbork, Gdynia, Sopot, Kołobrzeg, Świnoujście and Międzyzdroje. Many cities offer tourist services for families with children, for example Wroclaw with the Wroclaw Dwarves, Warsaw, Kielce, Gdansk and Szczecin. Some smaller towns in Poland are members of the Cittàslow Association, which focus on balanced tourism.

Visitor magnets are: the Wieliczka salt mine, the museum in the birthplace of Fryderyk Chopin in Żelazowa Wola near Sochaczew, the memorial site of the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp, the coast of the Baltic Sea, the large lakes in Greater Poland, Masuria, Kashubia and Suwalki as well as the Sudeten mountain ranges and Carpathians, especially the Tatras with the High Tatras and Western Tatras, in which the highest peak in Poland, Meeraugspitze, and the well-known Orla Perć mountain trail are located. Popular recreational areas are also the Świętokrzyskie Mountains, Beskids, Pieniny, Kraków-Częstochowa Jura and the Roztocze as well as Szczecin and Vistula Lagoon.

There are many waterways for kayaks, canoes, sailboats and houseboats on rivers and waterways, for example on the Pilica, the Krutynia or the Czarna Hańcza.

There are numerous ski resorts in the Carpathians and Sudetes, most of them in and around Zakopane in the Tatra Mountains and Szczyrk in the Silesian Beskydy Mountains and Karpacz in the Giant Mountains.

Spa holidays in the numerous spa towns such as Połczyn-Zdrój or Ciechocinek are also popular. Thermal baths, which have been opened in recent years, especially in the mountain region of Podhale near Zakopane, are often used for this purpose.

 

Oliva - Park Adam Mickiewicz - green oasis in Gdansk

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Oliva - Park Adam Mickiewicz - green oasis in Gdansk

Our trip to Gdansk began with a family reunion at Oliva Park Adam Mickiewicz, formerly and therefore still well known as Oliwski Park, which, as was to be expected, was particularly busy on this Sunday.

Dar Pomorza - three-masted sail training ship in Gdynia

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Dar Pomorza - three-masted sail training ship in Gdynia

Despite the freezing cold and after a very good meal at the port of Gedingen, a short digestive walk in the port area should allow us to enjoy the further course of the evening.

Danziger Goldwasser and other abnormalities

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Danziger Goldwasser and other abnormalities

A family celebration took us to Gedingen again, so it was clear that we were finally able to add two more days to this visit to Poland and were able to plan a trip to the old Hanseatic city of Danzig and a collecting center for amber back in Roman times.

Rewa and Beka - worth visiting places on the Baltic Sea

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Rewa and Beka - worth visiting places on the Baltic Sea

Rewa and Beka are small villages on the Kashubian coast of Puck Bay. This part of the rural community of Gmina Kosakowo is located directly on the Polish Baltic Sea coast.

Kashubian Switzerland and the Kashubian ethnic group

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Kashubian Switzerland and the Kashubian ethnic group

Anyone who has read the “Tin Drum” by the recently deceased writer Günter Grass or has seen the film of the same name will surely remember Anna Bronski, the Kashubian grandmother of the protagonist Oskar Matzerath, and her strange sounding language.

The Marienburg on the right bank of the Nogat

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The Marienburg on the right bank of the Nogat

Even from a distance, the outlines of the towers and buildings of the Marienburg on the Nogat, an estuary of the Vistula, leave a first imposing impression of their size, thickness and importance, which must have once emanated from it.

Kite- and windsurfing in the bay of Rewa

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Kite- and windsurfing in the bay of Rewa

Everywhere in Poland, where there are sailing centers, you can also do windsurfing or kite surfing as a holidaymaker, so the great Masurian Lakes are just as well known and popular as the western coast of the Baltic Sea.

Rewa Fishermen - boatmen from the fishing village

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Rewa Fishermen - boatmen from the fishing village

The idyllic village Rewa is a Kashubian fishing village, which is first mentioned in documents in 1589, when the abbot of the Cistercians, who were subject to the coastal strip in this region for control, allowed the construction of small fishing sheds.

Gdynia - sandy beaches and important business port

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Gdynia - sandy beach and business port of great importance

Today an imposing city on the Baltic Sea, Gdynia was a real village until 1918. Through the Treaty of Versailles, Poland was granted "access to the Baltic Sea" by the victorious powers through the so-called Polish Corridor, but it did not have a port of its own in the corridor.

Rewa – Peninsula Reff, Fishing dock and the Amber Road

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Rewa – A Fishing dock, Sandbank Reff and the Amber Road

Once a major landing place in trade and for fishing, the landing place of the former fishermen of Rewa is located on the beach at the side of the Putziger Wieks, the Polish Zatoka Pucka.

Short Visit to Wejherowo - Statue of Jakob von Weiher

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Short Visit to Wejherowo - Statue of Jakob von Weiher

Wejherowo calls itself the spiritual capital of the Kashubians, so it has become an important destination of pilgrims to the Holy Portrait of Our Lady, whose image was blessed in 1999 by John Paul II.

Amber - Ancient Amber Road along the Vistula River

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Amber - Ancient Amber Road along the Vistula River

Our first visit to Warsaw also brought us to the banks of the Vistula, the river that, over large parts of its length, also accompanies the course of one of the most important amber roads from the Roman Empire via the Moravian Gate and its mouth into the Baltic Sea.

Hiking Tour of Warsaw's Old Town

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Hiking Tour of Warsaw's Old Town

As already described in the article "Off to the city centre of Warsaw", we first took public transport to the Palace of Culture and then walked along the so-called "Royal Route" to the old town.

Caravanning Warsaw Festival - A new format

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Caravanning Warsaw Festival - A new format

May, with its first truly sunny days, is the perfect time to start the caravanning events season and meet industry representatives, rally travel planners and caravanning enthusiasts in search of new equipment and inspiration.

A short visit to Warsaw Castle Square

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A short visit to Warsaw Castle Square

A business meeting with two entrepreneurs from Warsaw had led to a short visit to the capital of Poland, followed by a short visit to the Castle Square in the city center, which was known far beyond the country's borders.

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