The ancient Greeks described the region on the Black Sea coast as a frightening and barbaric place far from the civilized world. The region became famous through the legend of Jason and the Golden Fleece. In the fourth century BC, the Black Sea coast was marked by rivalries and battles between Athens and the Persians. Remnants of Christian and especially Greek culture in the Black Sea region are the numerous Orthodox monasteries, the remains of which can be found in various cities along the coast and on mountain slopes. For tourists, the Black Sea coast is considered an insider tip because the climate is wetter than in other regions of Turkey and fewer visitors explore the region. Nevertheless, diverse flora and fauna, deserted beaches and historical sites attract people to the region: in the town of Amasra, which lies on a peninsula, you can explore the ruins of a Byzantine castle and the Fatih Mosque. There is also a historical museum. Traditional wooden architecture can be found in the town of Bartin, west of Zonguldak. The so-called strawberry festival in spring gives visitors an insight into the local culture of the place. In the area of the small coastal town of Sile, various long sandy beaches can be visited. The Uzungöl is considered a picturesque mountain lake with fish restaurants on its banks. Recently, the popularity of individual tourism and sustainable tourism in the mountains has been increasing. This is particularly true for the mountain ranges of the Kaçkar Mountains in the Black Sea region, which are ideal for hiking.
Founded in 756 BC, Trabzon is considered a very old city in the ancient high culture of Asia Minor, making Trabzon even older than Rome. As important as Trabzon was at the time, the city was insignificant many centuries later and played little significant role in history.
Trabzon, known in Greek as Trapezous, is located in the north-east of Turkey and is the easternmost Turkish port city on the Black Sea. Today, as the Greek name suggests, Trabzon was a middle economic center and a transshipment point for the export of hazelnuts, tea and tobacco, and a place steeped in history.
In the very north-east of Turkey is the province of Ardahan with the provincial capital of the same name, which lies on the border with Georgia, has always played a special role in the border traffic between Transcaucasia and Eastern Anatolia.
The Hagia Sophia Church of Trabzon belongs to the Group of Cloister Churches and had been built at the time of Manuel, one of the most important kings of the Trabzon Empire of Kommenos (from 1238 - 1263).The clock tower, built in 1427, is at the west side of the church.
Amasra is one of the most beautiful towns along the Black Sea coast. Poised on a peninsula split by two inlets, the site was first settled in the 12th century B.C. and named after the Persian Princess Amastris.
Sinop is a young city with a very old heritage that is losing its charm day by day. It is a city surrounded by beautiful beaches that are located on a long promontory. A suburb of Istanbul, gets into our mind.
Samsun is the largest city of the Black Sea region of Turkey, it is a city with an industry and commerce centre at the same time it possesses a saddening story. For hundreds of years this city has gone throughso much damage that when it is seen today it’s site is very plain and functional.
Rize is a town in the north-east of Turkey on the Black Sea at the foot of the Kackar Mountains, the most eastern and highest part of the Pontian Mountains. The border with Georgia is just 100 kilometres from here.
The city of Bayburt in North-eastern Anatolia can look back to a long and extremely varied history. As one of the cities on the old trade route "Silk Road", Bayburt was a prominent hub in history and thus occupiers and conquerors abounded.
Bolu is one of Turkey’s provinces. The Bolu city is one of the best starting points to do an environment excursion. Bolu was constructed as Bithynion in the 2nd century.Because of the earthquake nothing from the past can be remembered there today.
Trabzon Airport (IATA: TZX, ICAO: LTCG) is an airport next to Trabzon, a city in the eastern Black Sea region of Turkey. In 2007, it totally served 1,482,760 passengers, 1,397,175 of them were domestic passengers.