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Mausoleum at Halicarnassus - Artemisia & King Maussolos

Mausoleum at Halicarnassus

The Mausoleum is the oldest of the ancient sites in Bodrum (originally called Halicarnassus) and was built by Artemisia II in honour of her husband, the Persian King Mausolos.

The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, which was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World once measured 32 metres by 38 metres and was built on an area measuring 108 metres by 242.5 metres.

There was a large platform from which 36 Ionic columns rose to form a temple. The roof was in the shape of a pyramid with 24 steps and on top of it there was a carriage drawn by four horses. In the carriage were statues of Mausolus and Artemisia.
It is interesting that, according to the list of the Seven Wonders of the World by Herodot couple of hundret years later, the height of the Mausoleum was 80 Ionic feet which is equivalent to 55 metres. These dimensions are taken as a basement for the model in the exhibition hall.

The monument stood intact for 1500 years, until it was destroyed by an earthquake in 1304. Today, regrettably, all that remains is the hollow where it once stood together with reliefs and designs depicting it. In order to visualise the grandeur of the Mausoleum as it actually was, one has to visit the adjacent exhibition hall.

Please read as well:

Köycegiz Lake and the Town of Köycegiz

Roman Thermal Bath and Baths during Antiquity

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