Stoa - Scientific teaching building and worldview

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Stoa - Scientific teaching building and worldview

In the history of Greek architecture, the term Stoa means a building that is usually located in the center of the city and was used for scientific and philosophical teaching purposes.

Oracle - prophecy or clairvoyance

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Oracle - prophecy or clairvoyance

In some of our texts you will find references to places worth visiting that have been designated with the addition of "oracles": Oracle of Didyma, Oracle of Olympia, Oracle of Delphi, Oracle of Klaros, etc. So what is the oracle, which comes from the Latin and could be translated as "Gods saying"?

Gordian knot and Alexander the Great

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Gordian knot and Alexander the Great

The term "Gordian knot", which is still used in our modern times as a phrase to solve a problem, comes from ancient Greece. According to mythology, King Gordios of Phrygia is said to have knotted his chariot so artfully and perfectly between the yoke and the drawbar that the connection was considered inseparable.

Basilica - a type of construction invented by the Greek?

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Basilica - a type of construction invented by the Greek?

Again and again questions or whole texts about cultural and ancient history of the Greeks and Romans reach us, sometimes they are surprising. Once a clearly recognizable basilica with an apse suddenly becomes a Greek gymnasium, because one probably does not want the rather ecclesiastical character of the basilica, then again it is an amphitheater, a bouleuterion and stadiums that are confusingly described as to be the same.

Gymnasion - once a place of physical exercise

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Gymnasion - once a place of physical exercise

If we talk of a modern gymnasium (high school) today, we usually have a higher education center in mind, which is attended by students from elementary school to high school graduation.

Opus caementitium - the Roman concrete

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Opus caementitium - the Roman concrete

How could imposing buildings like the Pantheon in Rome or even the aqueducts to supply water to the Roman cities like in Aspendos or Side ever be constructed?

Basilica

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Basilica in Stobi, Macedonia

The Latin  word basilica, was originally used to describe a Roman  public building, usually located in the forum of a Roman town. Public basilicas begin to appear in Hellenistic cities in the 2nd century BC.

Sarcophagus

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Sarcophagus - Antalya Museum

A sarcophagus is a funeral receptacle for a corpse, most commonly carved or cut from stone. The word "sarcophagus" comes from the Greek meaning "flesh", and phagein meaning "to eat", hence sarkophagus means "flesh-eating"; from the phrase lithos sarkophagus.

Aqueduct - a water supply

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Aqueduct in Antalya

An aqueduct is a water supply or navigable channel (conduit) constructed to convey water. In a more restricted use, aqueduct (occasionally water bridge) applies to any bridge or viaduct that transports water-instead of a path, road or railway-across a gap. Large navigable aqueducts are used as transport links for boats or ships.

Crypt - a stone chamber

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Crypt - a stone chamber

In architecture, a crypt is a stone chamber or vault beneath the floor of a church usually used as a chapel or burial vault possibly containing sarcophagi, coffins or relics.

Agora

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Agora - Nysa

The agora, translatable as marketplace, was a public space and an essential part of an ancient Greek polis or city-state. An agora acted as a marketplace and a forum to the citizens of the polis.

Mausoleum

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A mausoleum is an external free-standing building constructed as a monument enclosing the interment space or burial chamber of a deceased person or persons. A mausoleum may be considered a type of tomb or the tomb may be considered to be within the mausoleum. A Christian mausoleum sometimes includes a chapel.

Necropolis

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A necropolis (plural: necropolises or necropoleis) is a large cemetery or burial place (from Greek nekropolis "city of the dead"). Apart from the occasional application of the word to modern cemeteries outside large towns, the term is chiefly used of burial grounds, often an abandoned city or town, near the sites of the centers of ancient civilizations.

Catacombs

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Catacombs are ancient, human-made underground passageways or final resting place of refuges or subterranean cemeteries composed thereof.  Many are under cities and have served as a refuge for safety during wars or as a meeting place for cults during historic times.

Apse

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In architecture, the apse is a semicircular recess covered with a hemispherical vault or semi-dome.

Dervish

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A Dervish or Darvesh  is someone treading a Sufi Muslim ascetic path or "Tariqah", known for their extreme poverty and austerity, similar to mendicant friars in Christianity or Hindu/Buddhist/Jain sadhus.

Orchestra

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The theatre of ancient Greece, or ancient Greek drama, is a theatrical culture that flourished in ancient Greece between c. 550 and c. 220 BC. The city-state of Athens was its centre, where it was institutionalised as part of a festival called the Dionysia, which honoured the god Dionysus.

Diazoma

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The word diazoma originally comes from Greek language meaning belt. When talking about ancient Greek theatre it means the wide path which separated the lines of seats into two or three zones (dress circle, upper circle). In Roman theatre construction the corresponding words “praecinctiones” or “balteus” were used instead.

Route of Ten Thousand

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The Ten Thousand were a group of mercenary units, mainly Greek, drawn up by Cyrus the Younger to attempt to wrest the throne of the Persian Empire from his brother, Artaxerxes II.

Station 42 - Camping New Danube just opened!

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Station 42 - Camping Vienna West - autumn impressions

We know exactly how we can make your camping holiday perfect on the basis of our own, already collected worldwide experience by camping bus.

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