Leonardo da Vinci - machines at EXPO 2016 Antalya

Leonardo da Vinci - machines at EXPO 2016 Antalya

Leonardo da Vinci was an Italian painter, sculptor, architect, anatomist, mechanic, engineer and natural philosopher, born on April 15, 1452 in Vinci, which explains the second part of his name. He is considered one of the most famous polymath of all time.


Leonardo da Vinci not only created numerous works of art in paintings, but also a large number of designs for buildings, machines, works of art and sculpture, to realize that he never found the time to practice his ideas. Of himself he said that he liked the idea more than their execution and that he already was thinking of an activity at the beginning till to the end. Tun and recognition were equally important to him.

Partially his great intellectual curiosity was only paralyzed by his energy. First, he wanted to learn to create masterpieces of art. More and more he was interested in the knowledge of nature and was fascinated by the variety and beauty and wrote:

"For the ambitious, who are satisfied with neither the gift of life even with the beauty of the world, it is a penalty that they themselves exacerbate this life and do not have the benefits and beauty of the world."

His notebooks, drawings and sketches made of about 6000 sheets. During his life nothing of his scientific works was published. Only in the 19th and 20th century, the manuscripts found in libraries and private collections and were thus appreciated, long time after his death in 1519 in Amboise in France.

In the course of his life he created a large number of highly artistic photographs on various topics such as biology, anatomy, art, weapons technology, water management and architecture, buildings, technical installations and observations of the cosmos.

Already towards the end of his lifetime he was revered as Uomo Universale and is also referred to by historians today as one of the most extraordinary genius of all time.
In advanced age, Leonardo was especially fascinated, in addition to the anatomy, in particular details relaited with botany, geometry, mathematics and geology. He was particularly fascinated by the water.

He tried to fathom why there are clouds, why it rains, why water flows, why there are waves, tides and why mussels can be found on mountains. He built boats and the first submarine, built hydraulic systems used for irrigation and drainage. He experimented with plants and water to fathom the conditions for plant growth.

He was the first recognized the spherical shape of a water droplet and thus the surface tension of the water and held his findings in "Codex Leicester" determine where we read, among other things:

"The water is intended for lifeblood of dry earth. Also you will find the water soon sour, sometimes sharp, sometimes tart and bitter soon, soon sweet, sometimes thick or thin, sometimes harmful or fatal, sometimes beneficial or toxic. "

Sigmund Freud wrote in his book "A childhood memory of Leonardo da Vinci" (1910): "He was like a man who awoke in darkness too early, while the others are still all asleep."
An exhibition of models of some of his works that were technically reconstructed very skilled in wood, can be seen at present in the Congress Center of the EXPO 2016 Antalya. Among the exhibits is an inter alia to the time machine, the mechanical lion, and some aircrafts. A great additional highlight during the EXPO 2016 visit.

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