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The Greeks of modern times call themselves Hellenes, but they had many different names throughout history. However, Homer (8th century BC) did not use the term "Hellene" in his epics. In classical antiquity, the Greeks hardly lay a point to present ithemselfves as a unified nation. The own home instead, be it a polis or a kingdom, was up to a few exceptions far more important. The participants in the Olympic Games were summarized as Hellenes. Perhaps it was this name later, in the first centuries of Christianity, being used as synonymous with paganism. From late antiquity until the end of the Middle Ages (1453), the Greeks even called themselves Rhomaioi (ancient Greek for, Romans').

The Theopetra Cave next to the Meteora Monasteries

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The Theopetra Cave next to the Meteora Monasteries

During our first passage through the formations of the Meteora rocks, we already noticed the numerous caves in the rocks, some of which were shared by the monks for a more independent living or due to confiscation.

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