"Because history is not" exact science "- it is a humanistic discipline. Its main subject is people, and, as Thucydides said a long time ago, history is not about studying circumstances, but about people in circumstances. Anyone who forgets that because he is in love with his own special area of interest or is fascinated by the model-building activities and ideal types of behaviourists can only be described as simple-minded.”

- Gordon A. Craig, 1981 in Münster / Westphalia

Carnuntum's gladiator school - next to Vienna

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Carnuntum's gladiator school

After we had thoroughly inspected the amphitheatre during our tour, we noticed a wooden structure in the immediate vicinity that had also sparked our interest: the so-called gladiator school.

Petronell amphitheatre of Carnuntum next to Vienna

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Petronell amphitheatre of Carnuntum next to Vienna

Next to the Roman military camp of Carnuntum, which was located directly on the banks of the Danube on the Pannonian Limes, the civilian city of Carnuntum developed in quick steps in addition to the military camp until it became the administrative centre of the Roman province of Pannonia at the beginning of the 2nd century AD.

Aristophanes - carry owls to Athens

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Aristophanes - carry owls to Athens

In many countries of our world the owl is considered as a bird of wisdom and it was same in ancient Athens already, where the little owl was considered a symbol of wisdom too.

Roman construction - insights into technology

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Roman construction technology - insights into technology

The technical and organizational concerns in the Roman building technique during the Roman Empire are also based on Hellenistic values. In his work De architectura libri decem (22 BC) the Roman officer Vitruvius describes the techniques and mathematical foundations adopted from the Greeks.

Province of Noricum - trade routes determined the success

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Province of Noricum - trade routes determined the success

From the Celtic kingdom, under the leadership of the Noric tribe, a Roman province of the same name had emerged, which was assigned to the Roman Empire with its capital Virunum (now Zollfeld near Maria Saal).

Noricum - a Celtic kingdom in today's Austria

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Noricum - a Celtic kingdom in today's Austria

Noricum was once a Celtic kingdom under the leadership of the Noric tribe on a large part of the territory of present-day Austria as well as adjacent regions of Bavaria (east of the Inn) and Slovenia, which later became a province of the Roman Empire under the designation Provincia Noricum.

Aulus Cornelius Celsus - Roman Doctor?

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Aulus Cornelius Celsus - Roman Doctor

Always people tried to work in the field of medical treatment to help others when injured or helpless. Some big steps could be done in Greek and Roman period because of development in research and for the first time experiences were written down.

Roman Thermal Baths and Baths in Antiquity

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Roman Thermal Bath - Ilyasbey, Miletos

Involvement of human beings with water goes back to earliest days of history. In the prehistoric ages, prior to the transition from nomadic existence to forming permanent settlements, water usage was partially a part of nature that could not be controlled.

Innsbruck Wilten - once Roman Settlement Veldidena

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Innsbruck Wilten - once Roman Settlement Veldidena

As a part of our project development "A journey of Intimacy and Culture along the Roman Roads" to create a concept for modern Camper routes to the south our route direction inevitably leads over the Alps.

The Hospitallers - expansion and consequences to Europe

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The Hospitallers - expansion and consequences to Europe

In the first part of our article “The Hospitallers – from the pilgrim hospital in Jerusalem to the conquest of Rhodes” we described their origins as an aid organization for pilgrims until the loss of the “holy land”.

Konrad Peutinger - Tabula Peutingeriana Roman map

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Konrad Peutinger - Tabula Peutingeriana Roman road map

We often encountered Roman "road maps" as sections or copies belonging to the respective region in Roman museums, we had been able to connect the name Konrad Peutinger from the respected merchant family of the imperial city of Augsburg with these maps.

Levante - Land of the Sunrise in near East

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Levante - Land of the Sunrise in near East

A term that appears in some of our articles and should now finally be clarified, because Levante comes from the Italian meaning "sunrise" and is therefore roughly equivalent to the term "morning land".

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